順位付け :: システム開発文書品質研究会

用語wiki順位付け

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参考定義 anchor.png

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IEEE std 830-1998 (Ranked for importance and/or stability) anchor.png

An SRS is ranked for importance and/or stability if each requirement in it has an identiÞer to indicate eitherthe importance or stability of that particular requirement.

Typically, all of the requirements that relate to a software product are not equally important. Some requirements may be essential, especially for life-critical applications, while others may be desirable.

Each requirement in the SRS should be identified to make these differences clear and explicit. Identifying the requirements in the following manner helps:

a) Have customers give more careful consideration to each requirement, which often clarifies any hidden assumptions they may have.
b) Have developers make correct design decisions and devote appropriate levels of effort to the different parts of the software product.

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Degree of stability anchor.png

One method of identifying requirements uses the dimension of stability. Stability can be expressed in terms of the number of expected changes to any requirement based on experience or knowledge of forthcoming events that affect the organization, functions, and people supported by the software system.

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Degree of necessity anchor.png

Another way to rank requirements is to distinguish classes of requirements as essential, conditional, and optional.

a)Essential.Implies that the software will not be acceptable unless these requirements are provided in an agreed manner.
b)Conditional.Implies that these are requirements that would enhance the software product, but would not make it unacceptable if they are absent.
c)Optional.Implies a class of functions that may or may not be worthwhile. This gives the supplier the opportunity to propose something that exceeds the SRS.

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IEEE std 830-1998 和訳例 anchor.png

要求が重要性や安定性に関して順位付けられていること
(月刊「ビジネスコミュニケーション」((株)ビジネスコミュニケーション社)の「要求工学」第3回「要求仕様」による)


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Last-modified: 2013-07-22 (Mon) 05:00:07 (JST) (2100d) by ShioyaAtsuko